Breast size and density
The breasts are not usually the same size as each other. They may also feel different at different times of the month – for example, just before a period they can feel lumpy.
The density of the breasts changes as women get older. Younger women have more glandular tissue in their breasts, which makes them dense. Once a woman is past her menopause, the glandular tissue is gradually replaced by fat, which is less dense. During breast screening it is harder to read a mammogram if the breast tissue is dense. So mammograms are not as reliable for young women.
Specialists have found that older women who take hormone replacement therapy (HRT) have denser breasts than would be expected for their age. This is related to the HRT. It isn’t a problem in itself, but it may make mammograms less accurate for these women.
Get to know your breasts over time. Learn what natural changes take place during your periods and at other times. Look at your breasts when you change your clothes. Or feel your breasts – for instance when you take a bath. Look for changes that seem unusual for you. If you find an unusual change, see your doctor or nurse practitioner as soon as you can.
Lymph glands and the lymphatic system
An area of breast tissue, under the skin, leads into the armpit (axilla). The armpits have many lymph glands, also known as lymph nodes. There is also a chain of lymph nodes that runs up the centre of your chest, by your breast bone. This is called the internal mammary chain. The diagram shows the network of lymph glands around the breast.
The lymph glands are part of the natural drainage system of the body called the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is made up of a network of lymph glands, connected throughout the body by tiny tubes (vessels) called lymph vessels. Lymph is a yellow fluid that flows through the lymphatic system and eventually drains into veins. This system helps to get rid of waste products from the body.
Tissue fluid bathes the body’s cells, drains into the lymphatic system and then circulates again. Lymph glands are important in cancer care because any cancer cells that have broken away from a tumour can be carried by the tissue fluid to the nearest lymph glands. So doctors always examine the lymph glands. If you have cancer, but no cancer cells in any of the nearby lymph glands, your cancer is less likely to have spread.
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy type diagnosed in women in developed countries and the second most common type diagnosed in developing countries. Breast cancer has been described as an alarmingly health problem in India (Yeole et al, 2003). According to the reports, breast cancers have badly attacked women population in India. A survey carried out by Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) in the metropolitan cities viz. Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore and Chennai; from 1982 to 2005; has shown that the incidences of breast cancer have doubled. Over the \years, the incidences of breast cancer in India have steadily increased and as many as 100,000 new patients are being detected every year (Yip et al, 2006; Michael et al, 2003). A 12% increase has been registered by cancer registries from 1985 to 2001, which represented 57% rise of.
Breast Cancer can be treated by NUTAS
NUTAS can treat Breast cancer if the same is confirmed in biopsies, etc. and that metastasis has not happened and if metastasis has happened and can be seen & located by Ultrasound , then the same too can be treated safely in any stage of the cancer in a breast to treat with NUTAS alone without any need for going through the knife the Surgery as it will be confirmed with Path analysis that coagulative necrosis ( irreversible cell death ) has happened in the tumor but after a week’s time, but Chemo/Radio/ Hormone therapies can be recommended for complete cure.
On real time monitoring / treating the tumor the grey changes in the ultrasound images can be seen as well which itself confirms the coagulative necrosis in the tumor. If metastasis has happened in the Breast and can be seen in PET/ CT, we can treat the part which ultrasound can go through i.e. without air and bone. The part with air and bone can be treated safely by Radiotherapy / Chemotherapy so as to save the women’s Breast from Surgery since NUTAS can kill the cancerous cells present in the tumor in the Breast, etc. but other combined modalities if feasible enough to treat clinically can be used for complete cure which can save the precious part of women’s body the Breast. If the patients with Radiotherapy happened scars on her skin, it will influence emission of ultrasound. Chemotherapy is fine with NUTAS. The combined treatments required along with NUTAS are Chemotherapy / Hormone Therapy, etc. to be advised by the Specialists only to treat but surgery still can be avoided i.e. Lumpectomy / Mastectomy to treat with NUTAS for Breast Conservancy.
VARIOUS REFERENCES :
Various References : On Hifu Technology & Breast Cancer Treatment, Clinical Trials, Etc. Published In Various Medical Journals